1. Students should understand the process of designing experiments, so they can:
A. Describe the purpose of an experiment or a problem to be investigated.
B. Identify equipment needed and describe how it is to be used.
C. Draw a diagram or provide a description of an experimental setup.
D. Describe procedures to be used, including controls and measurements to be taken.
2. Students should be able to make relevant observations, and be able to take measurements with a variety of instruments (cannot be assessed via paper-and-pencil examinations).
3. Students should understand how to analyze data, so they can:
A. Display data in graphical or tabular form.
B. Fit lines and curves to data points in graphs.
C. Perform calculations with data.
D. Make extrapolations and interpolations from data.
4. Students should understand measurement and experimental error, so they can:
A. Identify sources of error and how they propagate.
B. Estimate magnitude and direction of errors.
C. Determine significant digits.
D. Identify ways to reduce error.
5. Students should understand how to summarize and communicate results, so they can:
A. Draw inferences and conclusions from experimental data.
B. Suggest ways to improve experiment.
C. Propose questions for further study.